Missouri 2022 Lesson Summaries
2022 Lesson 19: Sexual Harassment
This online sexual harassment lesson for police. It defines what conduct constitutes sexual harassment and explains the difference between quid pro quo and hostile environment sexual harassment. The lesson explores the role of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission and the Missouri Commission on Human Rights in sexual harassment cases. The lesson defines retaliation and provides examples of retaliatory conduct. The lesson explains when an employer may be held liable for sexual harassment committed by an employee and what an employer can do to avoid or limit liability. The lesson explains where and how to file a sexual harassment complaint and what damages may be available for victims of harassment. Finally, the lesson provides tips for what individuals who experience or witness sexual harassment can do.
2022 Lesson 3: Legal Update
This is an online legal update course for Missouri police officers. The lesson addresses recent court decisions providing guidance to law enforcement officers regarding:
whether the failure to give a barricaded suspect Miranda warnings will render the suspect’s statements to a crisis negotiator inadmissible; whether a conversation between two officers will constitute an interrogation of the prisoner they are transporting;
whether motorists can be so intoxicated that they lose their capacity to provide a valid refusal of implied consent; when an officer will have probable cause/reasonable grounds upon which to arrest the motorist for driving while intoxicated;
how understanding the concept of “clearly established law” can help officers avoid excessive use of force lawsuits against them;
how a general description of a getaway vehicle and the vehicle's temporal (relating to time) and geographic proximity to a crime scene can factor into whether an officer has reasonable suspicion to make a Terry stop; and
circumstances under which an officer will have reasonable, articulable suspicion to justify extending a traffic stop.
2022 Lesson 2: Arrest & Detention of Foreign Nationals/Consular Notification
This is an online technical skills course. Section one explains the basic requirements under the Vienna Convention for Consular Relations (VCCR) that apply to law enforcement officers who arrest or detain foreign nationals. It defines critical terms necessary to understand an officer’s responsibility toward arrested or detained foreign nationals.
Section two explains the procedures officers must follow when they arrest or detain a foreign national. It explains the difference between mandatory and non-mandatory notification countries. This section also outlines applicable requirements when for when a foreign national dies, becomes seriously injured or ill, or faces the possibility of having a guardian or trustee appointed for him/her. This section explains the right of consular access.
Section three addresses additional information regarding: a) detentions and other situations triggering the VCCR requirements; b) determining who is a foreign national; c) who has responsibility for making required notifications; and d) notification requirements.
2022 Lesson 1: Traffic Law Enforcement
This is an online legal studies course for law enforcement officers. The lesson addresses state and constitutional law governing police officers’ initiation and conduct of traffic stops.
Section one examines the topic of the source of state and local power to pass and enforce traffic laws, including inherent state police power, statutory enactments governing the state police power, statutory grants of policing authority to political subdivisions, and the prohibition against local ordinances conflicting with state traffic laws.
Section two examines the topic of constitutional limitations on traffic stops, including the amount of evidence necessary to establish reasonable suspicion for a vehicular Terry stop (including evidence known by each officer with a connection to the stop), the type of offenses for which a stop may be made, whether an officer must issue a citation in order to have reasonable suspicion or probable cause to make a stop, the permissible duration of a stop, and the permissible scope of the stop. This section also addresses the constitutionality of several types of vehicle checkpoints.
Section three examines the topic of statutory limitations on traffic stops in counties, cities, towns, and villages, including prohibiting political subdivisions from having quotas for citations, limitations on the amount of fines and being held in custody for traffic violations, prohibitions on racial profiling and reporting requirements, and prohibitions on creating speed traps.
Section four examines the topic of miscellaneous traffic laws, including the duty to drive in a careful and prudent manner, signaling requirements, prohibitions on driving while intoxicated, and whether these laws may be enforced on private land or only on public roads and highways. This section also addresses traffic procedures for police responding to emergencies.